نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روابط بین‌الملل، گروه روابط بین الملل، واحد تهران شمال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار روابط بین الملل، گروه ارتباط و علوم اجتماعی، واحد تهران شرق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد مدعو گروه روابط بین الملل دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران

چکیده

از دوران مرکانتالیسم به بعد تجارت بین‌المللی همواره عرصه رقابت ژئوپلیتیک بوده و نظم بین‌المللی تک‌قطبی ایالات ‌متحده که پس از پایان جنگ سرد ظهور یافت، اساساً معماری امنیتی ویژه‌ای در منطقه استراتژیک خاورمیانه ایجاد نمود تا این کشور بتواند وضعیت موجود را به نفع خود حفظ نموده و سایر قدرت‌ها ناگزیر بین دو گزینه فعالیت در چارچوب و یا به چالش کشیدن آن، یکی را برگزینند. با توجه به اینکه رقابت ایالات ‌متحده و چین یکی از ویژگی‌های تعیین‌کننده نظم بین‌المللی قرن بیست و یکم می‌باشد لذا این موضوع در قالب مصون‌سازی استراتژیک تحت ساختار زنجیره ارزش جهانی مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. پرسش اصلی این  است که راهبرد اقتصادی چین در رقابت با امریکا در خاورمیانه چیست؟ فرضیه پژوهش به این صورت است که راهبرد اقتصادی چین در رقابت با آمریکا در خاورمیانه، نفوذ هدفمند از طریق مؤثرترین بخش‌های زنجیره ارزش جهانی است. یافته‌های پژوهش بر اساس روش تبیینی- تحلیلی آن است که در نگاه خاورمیانه‌ای، چین با توجه به تلاش ایالات ‌متحده برای تشکیل جبهه تجاری یکپارچه برای مقابله با   دولتی این کشور و به ‌منظور کاهش ریسک امنیت انرژی خود، توجه به امنیت فناوری را با هدف قرار دادن رشد در سلسله‌مراتب زنجیره ارزش و کسب جایگاه در عالی‌ترین سطوح آن مدنظر قرار داده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

China's economic strategy in hegemonic competition with the United States in the Middle East

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Sharafkhani 1
  • Rahmat Hajimineh 2
  • Mohammad Reza Dehshiri 3

1 PhD Candidate in International Relations, Department of International Relations, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor , International Relations, Department of Communication and Social Sciences, East Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Visiting Professor, International Relations, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

From the time of mercantilism onwards, international trade has always been an arena of geopolitical rivalry, and the unipolar international order that emerged after the end of the cold war essentially created a special security architecture in the strategic Middle East so that it could maintain its status quo. Powers inevitably have to choose between two options to work within the framework or to challenge it. This paper examines the competition between the US and china in the form of strategic hedging and under the global value chain structure. The authors will seek to answer the question: What is china's middle east economic strategy in competition with the US? The research hypothesis is that China's middle East economic strategy in competing with the US is targeted influence through the most effective sections of the international value chain. The research findings are based on its explanatory-analytical method, that in the Middle East look, China according to the United States' efforts to build a unified trade front to counter Beijing's state-owned capitalism and in order to reduce its energy security risk, has focused on technology security at targeting growth in the value chain hierarchy and gaining a foothold at its highest levels.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • China
  • USA
  • trade war
  • Global Value Chain
  • Middle East
  • افراسیاب پور، حامد، (1393)، «ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ پویش‌های ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻱ خلیج ‌فارس»، مجله سیاست دفاعی، 22(88)، 219-185.
  • جکسون، رابرت و سورنسون، گئورگ، (1393)، درآمدی بر روابط بین‌الملل، ترجمه مهدی ذاکریان، احمد تقی زاده و حسن سعید کلاهی. تهران: میزان
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