صلح سازی در افغانستان: 14 سال پس از توافق نامه بن

نویسندگان

دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

به دنبال مداخله نظامی ائتلاف بی نالمللی در سپتامبر 2001 در افغانستان و پس از انعقاد
تواف قنامه بن در همین سال، تلا شهای صل حسازی با هدف ممانعت از وقوع مجدد جنگ
داخلی و ایجاد بسترهای سیاسی، اقتصادی و اجتماعی لازم برای برقراری صلح پایدار در این
کشور آغاز شد. باای نحال و پس از گذشت حدود 14 سال از انعقاد تواف ق نامۀ بن، فرایند
صل حسازی در افغانستان کماکان با چال شهای عدید های مواجه است. در مقالۀ حاضر تلاش
شده است به این دو سؤال پاسخ داده شود: فرایند صل حسازی در افغانست ان با چه مشکلات و
مسائلی مواجه بوده و چگونه م یتوان بر آ نها غلبه کرد. یافت ههای تحقیق بیانگر آن است که این
چال شهای فراروی صل حسازی دارای ماهیت امنیتی، سیاسی، اقتصادی و اجتماعی بوده و عمدتاً
نشئت گرفته از تواف قنامۀ بن است. ب همنظور غلبه بر این چال ش ها لا زم است رهیاف ت های
بی نالمللی در خصوص افغانستان بر اساس تجربیات به دست آمده در زمین ههای مختلف و نیز
واقعیات موجود در این کشور باز تعریف شده و رهیافت جدیدی مبتنی بر رسیدگی به عوامل
ریش های ایجاد کننده منازعه اتخاذ شود. در این رابطه، در مقاله حاضر چال ش های ف راروی
صل حسازی در افغانستان تشریح شده و را هکارهای جدیدی که جهت غلبه بر این چال ش های
ضروری است، ارائه شده است

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Peacebuilding in Afghanistan: 14 years after Bon Agreement

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholam Ali Chegani Zadeh
  • Mohammad Reza Sahraei
چکیده [English]

In 2001, after the international intervention in Afghanistan and the
conclusion of Bon Agreement, international peacebuilding efforts were
initiated in order to prevent reoccurrences of internal war and to create
political, economic and social bases for durable peace in Afghanistan.
Nevertheless, 14 years after the conclusion of Bon Agreement, peacebuilding
process faces many challenges. In this regard, in this research these
questions have been answered: what are the challenges for peacebuilding
efforts in Afghanistan and how these challenges could be overcome? In
order to answer these question, the findings of the research show that flaws
within the Bon Agreement has a major role in failure of peacebuilding
efforts and in order to advance the peacebuilding process it is necessary that
international objectives and approaches be redefined. In this matter, the
challenges facing peacebuilding process in Afghanistan have been
elaborated and explained. Meanwhile, new solutions which are necessary to
overcome the challenges have been proposed

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Afghanistan
  • Peacebuilding
  • Bon Agreement
  • International Involvement
  • Challenges Crime
  • postmodernism
  • Subjectivity
  • De-construction
  • Constitutive criminology

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