- Boege, Volker, Brown, Anne, Clements, Kevin and Nolan, Anna, (2008),On Hybrid Political Orders and Emerging States: State Formation in the Context of Fragility, Berlin: Berghof Research Centre for Constructive Conflict Management.
- Byers, Michael, (2002), “Terrorism, the Use of Force and International Law after 11 Septembers”, International &Comperative Law Quarterly, No.51.
- Chesterman Simon, Michael. Ignatieff and Thakur, Ramesh (Eds), (2005), Making States Work: State Failure and the Crisis of Governance, Tokyo: United Nations University Press.
- Clark, Kate, (2003), “Afghanistan: Power of Poppy”, Middle East International, No.712.
- Dobbins, James (Ambassador), (2008), After the Taliban: Nation Building in Afghanistan, Washington DC: Potomac Book.
- Edwards, David, (2002), BeforeTaliban: Genealogies of the Afghan Jihad, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
- Edwards, Morgan, (2010), “State-building in Afghanistan: A Case Showing the Limits?” International Review of the Red Cross, Vol 92, No.880.
- Field, Mark,(2011), “A Review of the 2001 Bonn Conference and Application to the Road Ahead in Afghanistan”, Strategic Perspective. No. 8.
- Galloti, Mark, (2010), “Drug Fund”, The World Today, Vol 12, No.57.
- Gilles, Dorronsoro, (2009), The Taliban’s Winning Strategy in Afghanistan, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
- Giustozzi, Antonio, (2004), “Good’ State Vs. Bad Warlords? A Critique of State-Building Strategies in Afghanistan”, London School of Economics Crisis States Research Centre, Working Papers Series: 51.
- Krampe Florian, (2013), TheLiberal Trap: Peacemaking and Peacebuilding in Afghanistan after 9/11, In Mediation and Liberal Peacebuilding: Peace and from Ashes of War. Mikael Eriksson and Roland Kostic (ed.), 57-75. New York: Routledge studies in Intervention and Statebuilding.
- James, Risen, (2012), “US Identifies Vast Mineral Riches in Afghanistan”, New York Times, 11/05/2012. صلح سازی در افغانستان: 14سال پس از توافقنامه بن 99
- Karimi, Kaveh, (2013), “Challenges to State-building Efforts in Fragile States: Lessons from Afghanistan Post 2001” NATO Watch Research Paper, No.41.
- Khalilzad, Zalmay, (1995), “Afghanistan in 1994: Civil War and Disintegration” Asian Survey No.35.
- Menkhaus, Kenneth, (2010), “Governance without Government in Somalia: Spoilers, State Building, and the Politics of Coping”,
International Security, No.3. Vol.31.
- Paffenholz, Thania, ed. Forthcoming, ( 2009), Civil Society and Peacebuilding: A Critical Assessment. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
- Paris, Roland, (2004), At War’s End: Building Peace after Civil Conflict, New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Ponzio, Richard and Freedman, Christopher, (2007), “Conclusion: Rethinking Statebuilding in Afghanistan” International Peacekeeping, No.14.
- Rubin, Barnett, (2004), Buildinga New Afghanistan: The Value of Success, the Cost of Failure, Center on International Cooperation, New York University, in Cooperation with CARE.
- Rubin, Barnett, (2003), “Transitional Justice and Human Rights in Afghanistan”, International Affairs, No.79
- Rubin, Barnett, (2004), “(Re) Building Afghanistan: The Folly of Stateless Democracy”, Current History, Vol. 103, No. 672, pp. 165–70.
- Rubin, Barnett, (2004), “Crafting a constitution for Afghanistan”, Journal of Democracy, No. 15.
- Rubin, Barnett, (2007), “Saving Afghanistan”, Foreign Affairs – Council on Foreign Relations, No.86.
- Sedra, Mark, (2004), Securing Afghanistan’s Future: Accomplishments and Strategic Pathway Forward, National Police and Law Enforcement Technical Annex, Kabul: Islamic Transitional State of Afghanistan (ITSA).
- Sedra, Mark, (2006), “Security Sector Reform in Afghanistan: The Slide towards Expediency”, International Peacekeeping, Vol 13.Issue 1.
- Tierney, John, (2010), Warlord: Extortion and Corruption along the U.S.
Supply Chain in Afghanistan, U.S. House of Representatives.
- United Nations General Assembly, 27 February 2015. A/69/801. New York.
- United Nations Security Council (14 November 2001), S/RES/1378, New
- United Nations Security Council (20 December 2001), S/RES/1386, New York. 100فصلنامه پژوهشهای راهبردی سیاست، سال چهارم، شماره ،14پاییز ) 94پیاپی (44
- “Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC)”, (2003- 2004), Annual Report, available at: http://www.refworld.org. (Accessed 2 December 2014).
- Boone, Jon. “Afghanistan Quietly Brings into Force Taliban Amnesty Law”, Guardian, 10-02-11, available at:
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/feb/11/Taliban-amnesty-lawenacted.(Accessed. http://www.refworld.org.(Accessed 2 December 2014).
- Clements, Kevin, (2009), “Building Effective, Legitimate and Resilient State Institutions”, In Headline Seminar on Deteriorating Governance,
presented at the World Bank, Washington DC, p. 4. Available at: http://siteresources.worldbank.org.(Accessed 12 May 2014).
- Heupel, Monika, (2006), “Shadow trade War Economies and their Challenge to Peacebuilding”, Journal of International Relations and Development, No.9: 140-169.
- www.palgrave-journals.com/jird. (Accessed 30 October 2013).
- Human Rights Watch. (2010), “Afghanistan: Repeal Amnesty Law - Measure Brought into Force by Karzai Means Atrocities Will Go Unpunished”. Available at:
http:www.hrw.org/en/news/2010/03/10/afghanistan-repeal-amnestylaw.(Accessed 25 July 2014). - Kouvo, Sari, (2010), “After two years in legal limbo: A first glance at the
approved Amnesty law”. available at: http://www.aanafghanistan.org/index.asp?id=665.(Accessed2 December 2014)
- Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (ECD),
(2010), “Afghanistan Country Report, Fragile Statets Monitoring
Survey”. Available at: www.oecd.org/fsprinciples.(Accessed 2 November
- North, Douglass. Wallis, John Joseph. Webb, Steven B and Weingast Barry, (2007), “Limited Access Orders in the Developing World: A New Approach to the Problem of Development”, The World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper No. 4359, Washington DC. Available at: http://www-wds.worldbank.org (Accessed December 2014).
- Suhrke, Astri, (2006), “the Limits of Statebuilding: The Role of International Assistance in Afghanistan”, Paper presented at the International Studies Association annual meeting, San Diego, CA. Available at: http://www.cmi.no/publications/file/2135-the-limits-ofstatebuilding.pdf.(accessed 25 May 2014).
- United Nations, (12 November 2001), “Declaration on the Situation in Afghanistan by the Foreign Ministers and other senior representatives of the "Six plus Two”, New York. Available at: صلحسازی در افغانستان: 14سال پس از توافقنامه بن 101
http://reliefweb.int/report/afghanistan/declaration-situation-afghanistanforeign-ministers-and-other-senior.(Accessed 10 June 2014).
- United Nations News Centre, 2010. “United Nations and Afghanistan”.Available at: www.un.org/news/dh/latest/afghan/unafghan-history. (Accessed 10 June 2014)
- United Nations News Centre, (2001), “Six plus Two group stresses needfor broad-based Afghan government” available at: www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp. (Accessed 15 June 2014).
- United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, nama.unmissions.org. (Accessed 27 June 2014).
- United Nations Development Programm, 2014. “Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme”, available at:www.af.undp.org/content/ Afghanistan. (Accessed 9 June 2014).
- Wennmann, Achim, (2010), “Grasping the Strengths of Fragile States:
Aid Effectiveness between Top-down and Bottom-up Statebuilding”, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation(SDC) and the Centre
on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding (CCDP) at the Graduate Institute, Geneva: CCDP Working Paper No. 6,p.16.
- Available at: http://graduateinstitute.ch(Accessed 24 August 2014).
- World Bank, 2015, country data. Available at: data.worldbank.org/country/Afghanistan. (Accessed 17 September 2014).