نهاد سازی منطقه ای چین در آسیای مرکزی و آینده نظم بین‌ المللی لیبرال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه گیلان

2 دانشجو

10.22054/qpss.2019.27415.1815

چکیده

از سال 1945 به بعد، غرب و ‌بویژه ایالات ‌متحده آمریکا منافع جهانی خود را از طریق ایجاد و حفظ نهادهای اقتصادی بین­المللی، سازمان‌های امنیتی منطقه­‌ای و ترویج هنجارهای سیاسی لیبرال که به‌عنوان نظم بین­‌المللی لیبرال شناخته می‌شود پیگیری کرده است. بااین­‌ همه، در سال‌­های اخیر قدرت­یابی کشورهایی مانند چین و ناتوانی غرب و بویژه ایالات ‌متحده آمریکادر مدیریت مسائل جهانی  منجر به این مباحث شده است که چه آینده‌ای را می­توان برای نظم بین‌المللی لیبرال متصور بود و آیا باید منتظر جایگزینی نظم لیبرال بود؟ باهدف ارزیابی وضعیت فعلی نظم بین‌‌المللی و نقش­‌آفرینی بازیگرانی مانند چین این مقاله تلاش دارد به این پرسش پاسخ دهد که چین چه نگاهی به نظم بین­‌المللی لیبرال دارد و اقدامات این کشور در زمینه نهادسازی­‌های منطقه­ای از جمله در آسیای مرکزی را چگونه باید تفسیر کرد؟ یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که علی‌رغم گسترش تنش میان چین و غرب، نگاه چین به نظم لیبرالی نگاه اصلاح‌گرا است و نهادسازی منطقه‌ای چین از جمله در آسیای مرکزی در قالب ابتکاراتی چون یک کمربندیک ‌راه نیز از این منظر قابل تفسیر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

China Institution Building in Central Asia and the Future of International Liberal Order

نویسنده [English]

  • Asgar Safari 2
2 PhD.Candidate, Department of Political Science, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan
چکیده [English]

Since 1945, western countries and specially the United States have tried to secure their international interests by establishing international economic institutions, regional security organizations and dissemination of liberal political norms, Known as international liberal order. But in recent years this order has been challenged by some newly emerged powers such as China. Inabilities in administration of some international affairs such as international order, global economy and terrorism have weakened west position more. This fact has risen an important question: what would be the future of international liberal order and whether we should expect emerge of a new international order as a replacement for liberal order in the future? With the aim of investigating statues of liberal international order in current situation and in the shadow of newly international emerged powers such as China, the article have put two questions forward: what is the view point of China to the current international liberal order and how the county efforts in regional institutional building specially in Central Asia could be analyzed? The finding of the research reveals that Chain is just interested to revise the current order and the country institution building effort is a part of its plan for this revision.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • International Liberal Order
  • United states
  • China
  • Institution Building
  • Central Asia
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