همکاری و تعارض منافع ایالات متحده آمریکا - عربستان در خاورمیانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

مدیر داخلی فصلنامه سیاست جهانی و مدرس گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه گیلان

چکیده

این مقالهبه روش تبیینی و از چشم‌انداز نظریه موازنه منافع نشان میدهد که روابط امریکا و عربستان بر الگوی پیچیده همکاری در عین تعارض منافع در حوزه‌های ژئوپولیتیکی مبتنی است. تعارض منافع مانع از ارتقای همکاری‌های دو دولت به اتحادی استراتژیک شده و همزمان منافع مشترک مانع از فروپاشی روابط دو دولت شده است، بنابراین موضوعاتی مانند توافق‌های تسلیحاتی و یا مواضع متفاوت دو دولت در بحران‌های خاورمیانه به تغیری اساسی در روابط‌‌شان منجر نمی‌شود. همچنین یافته‌ها نشان میدهد که شکلگیری و تداوم پیوندهای دو دولت دلایلی امنیتی دارد و پادشاهی سعودی در بطن این مشارکت، از قدرت امریکا برای مقابله با رقبای منطقه‌ای خود بهره گرفته است و ترس از ایران بویژه در طول دهه گذشته محرکی نیرومند در سیاست‌های خاورمیانه‌ای عربستان بوده است، ترسی که شدت آن ریشه در سوء برداشتها و آسیب پذیریهای پادشاهی سعودی نسبت به ایران دارد، به گونه‌ای که پادشاهی سعودی نفوذ تدافعی ایران را در خاورمیانه نفوذی تهاجمی همراه مقاصدی مخاطرهآمیز دریافته است. بر این اساس نگارنده در پایان ضرورت یک مجمع گفتگوی منطقه‌ای در حوزه خلیج فارس را با هدف تخفیف سوء برداشتها از رفتار و نیات همسایگان خاطرنشان کردهاند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The US-Saudi’s Cooperation and Divergence in the Middle East

نویسنده [English]

  • Sajad Bahrami Moghadam
Guilan University
چکیده [English]

This paper, in an explanatory method and from the perspective of the balance-of-interest theory, shows that US-Saudi relations are based on the complex pattern of cooperation while conflicts of interest in different geopolitical contexts, and conflict of interest impedes the promotion of cooperation between the two governments to a strategic alliance and at the same time benefits The common cause has been the collapse of relations between the two governments, so issues such as arms agreements or different positions of the two governments in the Middle East crisis do not lead to a fundamental change in their relations. The findings also show that the formation and continuity of the two governments' ties has security implications, and the kingdom of Saudi Arabia has taken advantage of American power to counter its regional rivals, and the fears of Iran, especially over the last decade, have been a powerful impetus to policies Saudi Arabia's Middle East has been feared that its severity is rooted in Saudi Arabian supremacy and vulnerabilities towards Iran, in which the kingdom of Saudi Arabia has found Iran's defensive influence in the Middle East with aggressive intent with its predecessors. Accordingly, the author pointed out at the end of the necessity of a regional dialogue forum in the Persian Gulf region with a view to reducing the submissions of the behavior and intentions of the neighbors

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • the US
  • Saudi Arabia
  • The Middle East
  • cooperation
  • divergence

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