اختلافات میان چین و ایالات متحده در منطقه آسیای شرقی(2009-2017)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مطالعات آسیای شرقی دانشکده روابط بین الملل وزارت امور خارجه تهران ایران

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد مطالعات منطقه ای دانشکده روابط بین الملل وزارت امور خارجه

3 عضو هیات علمی دانشکده روابط بین الملل وزارت امور خارجه

چکیده

چینبادارابودنقدرتاقتصادیچشمگیر،زیرساختهاوتجهیزاتنظامیگسترده،قدرتسیاسیوتأثیرگذاریبرکشورهایمنطقهاسیایشرقی،بیشترینظرفیترا برایزیرسئوالبردنسیاستهایایالاتمتحده،درمنطقهاسیایشرقیدارد.درسالهایاخیرنوسازینظامیچیندرکناررشداقتصادیاینکشورتداومیافتهاست. کاهشتمرکزایالات متحدهبرمنطقهاسیایشرقیدردورانریاستجمهوری«جورجدبلیوبوش»،موجبگسترشنفوذچیندرمنطقهاسیایشرقیوافزایشمنافعوتعاملاتگستردهاقتصادیباکشورهایمنطقهشد. بارویکارامدناوباماواتخاذسیاست "چرخشبهسویاسیا"اختلافاتواشنگتنوپکنافزایشیافت. درپاسخبهاینسئوالکه«اختلافاتموجودبینچینوایالات متحدهچهتأثیریبرروابطدوکشورگذاشتهاست؟»نگارندگانمعتقدندکهاختلافاتسیاسی،اقتصادیوامنیتی -نظامیبویژهدردورهریاستجمهوریاوباماموجب افزایشتنشدر منطقه و روابط بینالمللی دوکشوردرحوزههایاقتصادی،سیاسیوامنیتی- نظامیشد. دراینمقالهاختلافاتمیانچینوایالات متحدهدرسهزمینهسیاسی،اقتصادیوامنیتی،تبیین می‌شود که موجبافزایشتنشدرروابطدوکشورنیز شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Discrepancies between China and the United States in the East Asian Region 2009-2017

نویسندگان [English]

  • shayan jozani kohan 1
  • Shahin Jozani Kohan 2
  • Mohammadreza Dehshiri 3
1 East Asian Studies, School of International Relations of Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tehran, Iran
2 MA Student in Regional Studies, School of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
3 Associate Professor of School of International Relations of Ministry of Foreign Affairs
چکیده [English]

China has mostly the capacity to put under question the politics of United States, because this country possesses important economic power, immense infrastructures and ammunitions, political power and has impact on the countries of East Asia region. Specially, in recent years, China's military modernization has persisted along with its economic growth. Because the United State disregarded East Asia Region during George w. Bush presidency, China intensified its influence in East Asia region and increased its interests and extensive economic interactions with the countries of this region.The present research elaborates on the main discrepancies between Beijing and Washington in East Asia region and on the effect of these discrepancies on their mutual relationship. What is the effect of discrepancies between China and United States on their relations? To answer this question, the authors believe that political, economic and security- military discrepancies, especially during the Obama administration, caused ascending tension between the two countries in regional and international arenas.After explaining the conflicts between China and United States in three main political, economic and security arenas, this article scrutinizes the impact of these conflicts on the relations of these two countries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • East Asia
  • Obama
  • China
  • South China Sea
  • the United States

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-         عبداله خانی، علی، (1392)، نظریههایامنیت، چاپ دوم، تهران: انتشارات موسسه فرهنگی مطالعات و تحقیقات بین‌المللی ابرار معاصر تهران.

 

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