نقش یالات متحده آمریکا در افراط گری های منطقه خاورمیانه با تاکید بر عراق و سوریه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار

2 دانشجو

چکیده

از سال 2011 و به دنبال شروع ناآرامی‌ها در کشورهای عربی منطقه خاورمیانه افراط گرایی در این منطقه به ویژه درعراق و در سوریه افزایش یافته است. با توجه به بافت قومی و مذهبی منطقه خاورمیانه تنوع گروه‌های افراطی در این منطقه قابل پیش‌بینی است. سؤالی که مطرح می شود این است که نقش قدرت‌های فرا منطقه‌ای ازجمله ایالات‌متحده آمریکا را در گسترش افراط‌گری‌ها در خاورمیانه را چگونه ارزیابی می شود؟ این پژوهش استدلال می‌کند که ایالات‌متحده از مهم‌ترین علل بقا و عمل این نیروهای افراطی در خاورمیانه و ازجمله در عراق و سوریه است.
شکل گیری افراط‌گرایی در منطقه خاورمیانه علیرغم فراهم بودن بستر داخلی به محرک خارجی نیز نیازدارد . هدف این پژوهش بررسی میزان تأثیرگذاری عوامل خارجی ازجمله نقش دولت ایالات‌متحده در شکل‌گیری و گسترش پدیده افراط‌گرایی در منطقه خاورمیانه است. روش بکار گرفته‌شده در این پژوهش توصیفی –تحلیلی است .

واژگان کلیدی : خاورمیانه، افراط‌گرای، دولت اسلامی عراق و شام ، ایالات‌متحده آمریکا ، کمک‌های مالی و نظامی .

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of united state of America in Middle East region extremism with emphasis on Iraq and Syria

چکیده [English]

The role of united state of America in Middle East region extremism with emphasis on Iraq and Syria
Abstract

Since 2011, followed by the start of the unrest in the Arabic countries of the Middle East, the extremists in the region, especially in Iraq and in Syria has increased. Given the ethnic and religious context of the Middle East, diversity of extremist group in this region is Predictable. The question that arises is that the role of trans-regional power such as united state of America in the Spread of extremism in Middle East how evaluated?
This study argues that, the United States is the major causes of survival and function of extremist forces in the Middle East, including in Iraq and Syria.
The formation of extremism in the Middle East, despite the availability of its domestic context, also needs to external stimulus. The aim of this study is evaluate the impact of external factors such as the US government's role in the formation and spread of the phenomenon of extremism in the Middle East.
The research method is descriptive and analytical
Key word: Middle East, extremism, ISIS. United state of America, Financial and military assistance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Middle East
  • " "extremism
  • " "ISIS
  • ". "United state of America
  • " "Financial and military assistance"

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